According to the National Institutes of Health, “this disorder is a mental disorder that makes it difficult to tell the difference between real and unreal experiences, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses and to behave normally in social situations.” While most of the symptoms of this disorder are mental, schizophrenia symptoms can also have a negative effect on the patient’s body. However, these effects on the body depend on which type of this disorderthe patient has. According to the National Institutes of Health, there are five different types of this disorder: catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, residual and undifferentiated. All forms of schizophrenia have the same general symptoms, but catatonic this disorder has additional effects on the body, which affects the patient’s motor skills.

General Symptoms

As part of the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, patients also have symptoms that affect their bodies, according to the National Institutes of Health. Schizophrenic patients have hallucinations that affect both their hearing and vision. For example, patients will hear voices, which can be nasty or degrading. Sometimes, schizophrenic patients may hurt themselves or others due to the voices they hear or the images they see from their hallucinations. Speech is also affected by schizophrenia—patients have disorganized speech and have problems putting together sentences and coherent words. In addition, schizophrenic patients will speak in a blunted affect. Behavior is also disorganized, and schizophrenic patients can be irrational, as well as displaying a lack of interest or enthusiasm. When the schizophrenic patient does not undergo treatment for her symptoms, these symptoms can become worse.

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Besides the general symptoms of this disorder, patients with catatonic this disorder have additional symptoms that affect their bodies. Catatonic schizophrenia is characterized by abnormal motor movements, according to the authors of “Understanding this disorder: Signs, Symptoms and Causes.” Patients can have stuporous motor signs, where there is a dramatic reduction in the patient’s activity. An example is a cessation of all voluntary movement and speech. On the opposite spectrum, catatonic schizophrenia patients can also exhibit excited motor signs, such as a frenzied episode. A frenzied episode includes shouting, pacing back and forth, talking rapidly and acting out in violence. Catatonic this disorder patients can switch between stuporous motor and excited motor signs. In addition, these changes in the patient’s motor skills can become increasingly worse without medication or during severe schizophrenia attacks.


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