Most Common Signs and Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

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Everything You Need To Know About Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (also known as IBS) is a condition that affects the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Other names include mucous colitis, spastic colitis, and nervous colon. IBS is a widespread gastrointestinal disorder that affects 7–21% of the general population. According to several population-based studies, women are more likely to be impacted than men, with prevalence ratios between 2:1 and 3:1.

IBS is not a fatal disorder, nor does it increase your risk of developing other colon diseases like Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or colon cancer. However, the persistent and irritating character of the symptoms frequently has a detrimental effect on the affected person's quality of life, interpersonal connections, social life, daily activities, and level of productivity at work.

Signs and Symptoms of IBS:

IBS symptoms can range from moderate to severe depending on the individual. For the most part, symptoms are modest. When symptoms last for at least three days each month for three months or longer, you are said to have IBS.

The primary signs are:
  • Cramping and discomfort in the abdomen
  • Gas\fullness
  • Bloating
  • Alteration in bowel habits can have either constipation or diarrhea (IBS-D) (IBS-C).

Additionally, those with IBS will experience various symptoms, such as stomach discomfort or pain and issues with bowel movement (constipation or diarrhea). Sometimes many symptoms may resemble symptoms of other disorders and conditions listed below:

  • Frequent headaches
  • Persistent fatigues
  • A sudden, urgent need to urinate
  • Joint or muscle aches
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Dyspareunia
  • Halitosis
Causes Of IBS

There is no exact cause of IBS, which also varies from person to person. IBS is thought to be caused by a variety of GI tract issues. Irritable bowel syndrome is believed to be brought on by various elements, such as changes in the gastrointestinal tract, food intolerances, aberrant neural system signals, and pain sensitivity. IBS is reported to be aggravated or caused by the following health issues:

  • A malfunction in the communication between nerve cells and intestines
  • Food not passing through your gi tract smoothly
  • GI tract has unusual nerves that are more sensitive than usual.
  • Gastroenteritis (a viral stomach and gut infection caused by the presence of harmful bacteria).
  • An increase of microorganisms in the small intestine (sibo)
  • Microorganisms in your small intestine increasing or changing
  • Reactions to particular foods or beverages
  • Extreme anxiety

IBS development may be influenced by a person's psychological and emotional state. Even though these conditions are not explicitly related to IBS, many patients may also experience depression or anxiety. Although it has not been established scientifically, genetics is thought to likely cause IBS.

Role of Diet in IBS

Dietary aspects of IBS are quite important. People with IBS may benefit from several adjustments. You might need to alter your diet for a few weeks to see whether your symptoms improve. Consume more fiber because fiber makes stools soft and easy to pass, it may help IBS patients who experience constipation.

Two types of fiber are

  • Soluble fiber - Present in fruit, beans, and oat products.
  • Insoluble fiber - Present in vegetables and whole-grain products.

According to research, soluble fiber is more effective at reducing IBS symptoms. Fiber-rich foods in the diet gradually help the body adjust to more of them. You could have IBS symptoms like flatulence when you consume too much fiber at once. Adding 2 to 3 grams of fiber to your daily diet can help reduce gas and bloating.

Avoid gluten

Resist gluten to see if your IBS symptoms improve. Foods that contain gluten include:

  • Cereal
  • Grains
  • Pasta
  • Many Processed Foods.
Less FODMAP diet

Doctors recommend trying a special diet—the low FODMAP diet—to reduce or avoid certain foods that contain carbohydrates that are hard to digest. These carbohydrates are called FODMAPs which include:

Fruits
  • Apples
  • Apricots
  • Blackberries
  • Cherries
  • Mango
  • Nectarines
  • Pears
  • Plums
  • Watermelon
  • Juice containing any of these fruits
Vegetables
  • Artichokes
  • Asparagus
  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Garlic And Garlic Salts
  • Lentils
  • Mushrooms
  • Onions
Dairy Products
  • Milk
  • Milk Products
  • Soft Cheeses
  • Yogurt
  • Custard
  • Ice Cream
Others
  • Rye and wheat products
  • Honey
  • Foods with high-fructose corn syrup products, like candy and gum, with sweeteners ending in "–ol," such as mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, and maltitol
Diagnosis for IBS

IBS is diagnosed by ruling out other gastrointestinal disorders that have produced symptoms comparable to IBS. To ascertain the length and severity of symptoms, a person must undergo a complete examination. Before drawing any conclusions, it is essential to watch how long the symptoms last. At least three times per month, the symptoms should endure at least six months.

Tests for diagnosis of IBS include:
  1. Flexible colonoscopy to look for signs of blockage or inflammation in your intestines
  2. Upper endoscopy in case of heartburn or indigestion
  3. X-rays
  4. Blood tests to look for thyroid problems, anemia (too few red blood cells), and signs of infection
  5. Stool tests for infections or blood
  6. Tests for gluten allergy, lactose intolerance, or celiac disease
  7. Tests to look for problems with your bowel muscles

Furthermore, a blood test may help rule out other GI diseases, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Individuals with a history of ovarian cancer may need to undergo additional tests, as might people older than 60 with changing bowel habits. Depending upon the severity and symptoms, a doctor may perform an upper endoscopy and colonoscopy.

Treatment for IBS:

IBS does not have a treatment. While used to assist control symptoms, medications are only advised when necessary. IBS sufferers can help themselves by learning more about the ailment and discovering better coping mechanisms for stress and anxiety, for example. Symptom control may also benefit from dietary changes.

Diet

Dietary modifications might also help manage IBS symptoms. Eating around the same time every day should aid in regulating bowel movements. Eating smaller meals more frequently or fewer servings may help with diarrhea symptoms.

Consuming high-fiber foods may encourage the passage of food through the intestines if constipation is an issue. Whole-grain bread, seeds, nuts, cereals, fruits, and vegetables are examples of foods high in fiber. However, if gas and bloating are your main symptoms, avoiding several fruits and vegetables, including beans, cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli, is recommended.

Anxiety and Stress

The following steps may help alleviate or relieve symptoms:

  • Regular exercises
  • Meditation
  • Stress counseling or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Yoga or Tai Chi
Disclaimer:

With our suggested Ayurvedic products, an individual can experience noticeable changes and relief from pain, discomfort, etc., within a few weeks of its consumption. The consumption of the IBS kit results varies entirely based on the consumer's age, diet, and overall lifestyle.

Grocare’s Natural Ayurvedic Treatment for IBS

Natural Herbal Treatment

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