What is ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the face of the huge intestine. It usually affects the lower part (sigmoid colon) and the rectum. But it can affect the entire colon. In common, the more of the colon that’s affected, the worse the symptoms will be.The disease can affect people of several age. But the majority people who have it are diagnosed before the age of 30.

What causes ulcerative colitis?

Experts aren’t sure what Ulcerative colitis causes it. They feel it may be caused by the immune system overreacting to usual bacteria in the digestive area. Or other kinds of bacteria and viruses may cause it.

You are more possible to get ulcerative colitis if other people in your family have it.

What are the symptoms?

The main symptoms are:

  • Belly pain or cramps.
  • Diarrhea
  • Bleeding from the rectum.

Some people also may have a fever, may not feel hungry, and may lose weight. In severe cases, people may have diarrhea 10 to 20 times a day.The ulcerative colitis causes can also other problems, such as joint pain, eye problems, or liver disease.In most people, the symptoms come and go. Some people go for months or years without symptoms (reduction). Then they will have a heat up. About 5 to 10 out of 100 people with ulcerative colitis have symptoms all the time.

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